*How people process, store, retrieve, and use information and how this all influences our behavior.
Cognative Development Psychologists
Dr. David Elkind
Piaget (1936) was the first psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development. His contributions include a theory of cognitive child development, detailed observational studies of cognition in children, and a series of simple but ingenious tests to reveal different cognitive abilities.
According to Piaget, children are born with a very basic mental structure (genetically inherited and evolved) on which all subsequent learning and knowledge is based.
Example: A 2 year old child sees a man who is bald on top of his head and has long frizzy hair on the sides. To his father’s horror, the toddler shouts “Clown, clown”
He felt that the most critical one was the interactions with a child's peers.
*He sought to understand how children formed knowledge of the world around them. *Much of Elkind's work can be seen as an attempt to duplicate, build upon, and more fully explore Piaget's theory and research. *Elkind's research has focused on cognitive, perceptual, and social development in children and adolescents, as well as the causes and effects of stress on children, adolescents, and families. *Through his work, Elkind has tried to apply theory and research to real life arenas, such as psychotherapy, parenting, and education. *And he uses real life experiences to shape his theory and research.
*Elkind describes how young adolescents, because they are undergoing major physiological changes, are preoccupied by themselves. *The egocentrism of adolescents lies in their belief that others are as preoccupied with their appearance and behavior as they are.
In many parts of the world, young children pick up four or five different languages with no awareness that they’re talking different languages. It’s just: This is the way you talk to your aunt, this is the way you talk to your father, and so on and so forth. In fact, it’s been recently shown that children who live in bimodal environments–that is, where one parent speaks, and the other parent uses sign language–pick up both languages with apparently no preference. It’s just like learning both English and Japanese.
-we think cognitive development is important for psychologists to understand and explore because how someone learns can influence what behaviors they learn and how they interpret different situations
-studies how we grow -predicts the best way for us to learn -challenges the brain of the subject -can predict and prevent certain behaviors
-can be too challenging -like all studies it can be wrong (false information) -it's unique to one person -as people grow their behavior changes