-Britain stopped America's trade with France -Britain was at war with France at the time -Took place in 1807 -From Orders in Council from the French Revolution
Trade with France
Southern Theatre, Creek War
-The Battle of Burnt Corn July 27 1813 -Between Red Sticks Creeks and U.S. Solders -The Red Sticks Chiefs gained power in the East along the Alabama, Coosa, and Tallapoosa Rivers' Upper Creek territory -The Red Sticks had only about 4000 troops -Many Creeks tried to remain friendly to the United States, - Some Creeks were organized by federal Indian Agent Benjamin Hawkins to aid the 6th Military District under General Thomas Pinckney and the state militias.
- Leaders of American Territories began threatening or bribing Natives into selling their land - Some launched aggressive campaigns - Certain leaders were able to get land for cheap because native Americans did not understand legal trade - The land was needed for economical and social growth of the U.s.
Impressment of American Sailors
- American Sailors were 'pressed' into manning British naval ships -The British forcing people to serve in the navy was common in it's history -This was legal in Britain - Press Gangs were the ones who captured the unsuspecting people - Others in British seas could be pressed into service - Americans were mad because Americans were being captured
The war started for several reasons: - Trade restrictions because of the British war with France - The impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, the Royal - Navy would stop American merchant sailor to search for British deserters - British support of Indian tribes against American expansion outrage over insults to national honor - British blockade of American shipments to Napoleonic Europe - Expansionist sentiment in congress Competition in fur trade between America and Britain
Declaration of War part 1
Declaration of War part 2
.On June 1, 1812, President James Madison sent the "war message" to Congress .This document states why we should go to war with Great Britain . Although this message was not a certain for war, the main idea was obvious. . A few days later, the House of Representatives voted seventy-nine to forty-nine in favour of war . Most of the members opposed to war were from the Northeastern states. . On June 8 President Madison signed the Declaration of War . After that, express riders set off immediately to deliver the alarming news to the western frontier and outlying seaports.
Consequences and Significance
- European Nations thought twice about interfering with US Trade - American manufacturing increased - Andrew Jackson a national hero (becomes future president) - Ended the Federalist Party -Federalists opposed the war of 1812
- Sir Isaac Brock - Tecumseh - Andrew Jackson
Major-General Sir Isaac Brock
. British Army officer and administrator . Stationed in Canada in the early 1800's . He set up a campaign to defend Upper Canada . Successfully captured Detroit . Prepared for an American assault on the Niagara frontier . The first major American attack took place at Queenston Heights (October 13,1812) . Isaac Brock was killed by an American marksman while trying to rally his troops and charge up the heights . British forces, Canadian militia, and First Nations Warriors rallied and drove the Americans back . They forced the them to surrender and that ensured the protection over Upper Canada
Tecumseh was born in March 1768. He was a political Indian leader in 1812.He was allies with the Britain in the war.
In the 1800 he was emerged as a prominent war chief.
When he died his body never recovered but people say that he was a folk hero in the 1812.
- Seventh president of the US - Defeated Red Sticks in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814 and promoted to Major General - Won the Battle of New Orleans in 1815 against British (5000 Americans vs 7000 British)
- Canadian Heroine in the War of 1812 - Known for walking twenty miles to warn the British about an American attack - Honored in Canada
Charles-Michel de Salaberry
He was born in November 19, 1778. He was in the British army and a Canadian militia officer.
In July 1811 he became a brevet major and of Lower Canada and also he took charge of the border defenses.
-Ratified by parliament in 12-30-1814 -Took awhile for America to get the news -Released all POW and all ships -Held in Flemish city, Ghent
TREATY OF GHENT
Fought on the Atlantic Ocean British focused on protecting their own trade vessels. Imposing a blockade on American ports, disrupting the economy Used letters from privateers and attacked American ships and capture the sailors on board. Captured 10 ships
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Watch bonus video to see trailer for the War of 1812-