⚫️The Central Powers were made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman-Empire.
⚫️The Ottoman Empire joined the alliance in November 1914.
⚫️Bulgaria was the last to enter the Central Powers when they did so in 1915.
Why The Central powers?
The alliance of the Central Powers got its name because of the geographical location of the two original members of the Alliance. These members were Germany and Austria-Hungary.
After the Assassination of Franz Ferdinand Austria-Hungary needed to enforce its authority in order to maintain its credibility As a force in the Balkan region. After Austria-Hungary gained the support of Germany they proceeded to deliver an ultimatum to the Serbian Government. after Serbia did not comply with some of these requests Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on July 28.
After Russia ordered a mobilization of its troops on July 30,1914, Germany ordered its own mobilization. Then on the next day the German ambassador to Russia handed the Russian foreign minister a declaration of war.
The side that fought against the Central Powers Also called the Triple Entente
The Countries that teamed up were Great Britain, France, and Russia. Japan, Italy, and the United States later joined The war and sided with the Allies.
How they Joined?
After Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia for retaliation, the Russian government ignored the attacked and called Austria-Hungary a weak country. Russia later held close diplomatic Relations with Serbia. On July 30, 1914, Russia enacted a general mobilization. The next day Germany declared war on Russia and Russia was was in World War 1
After Germany Declared war on Russia, France prepared a general mobilization in expectation of the War. France was already allied with Russia so they were prepared for war. On August 3, 1914, Germany Declared war on France and France was Ready
When Germany marched through neutral Belgium to fight France, Great Britain didn't like what they saw. Great Britain was worried that Germany could use Belgium's ports at anytime. So on August 4, 1914, Great Britain declared war on Germany.